Vijay Diwas 2021:- Know the date, history and significance

Vijay Diwas 2021 marks the 50th anniversary of India’s triumph over Pakistan in 1971 war. Bangladesh also completed its 50th year of Independence this year. 

 

On December 16, 1971 Pakistan surrendered in front of Indian Armed Forces after 13 days of war
(Photo:-Twitter)

Vijay Diwas is celebrated on December 16 every year. It is celebrated as Indian Armed Forces defeated Pakistan in the 1971 war on this day. It showed the gallantry and valour of Indian Armed Forces to the world. As a result of this victory, Bangladesh became an independent country. Earlier, Bangladesh was the part of eastern Pakistan.

Vijay Diwas 2021 marks the 50th anniversary of India’s triumph over Pakistan in 1971 war. Bangladesh also completed its 50th year of Independence this year. Along with India, Bangladesh also celebrates this day with full of zeal and enthusiasm.

What happened in 1971 Indo-Pak War?

The Indo-Pak War started on December 3, 1971 and lasted for 13 days. On December 16, 1971 Pakistan surrendered in front of Indian Armed Forces after 13 days of war.

The then Major General of Pakistan Army, Amir Abdullah Khan Naizi surrendered to the Indian Army and Bangladesh’s Mukti Bahini with 93,000 Pakistani troops. In this war, about 8000 soldiers of Pakistan died and 25000 wounded. On the other hand, India lost its 3900 soldiers and 12000 wounded.

Eastern Pakistan’s army chief Khan Naizi signed an unconditional ‘Surrender document’ at Dhaka (now the capital of Bangladesh). Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Arora, the then Commander of Eastern India signed and accepted this ‘Surrender document.’ After the acceptance of this document, war get stopped and India celebrated the triumph over Pakistan. Now, this day is commemorated as ‘Vijay Diwas.’ Bangladesh celebrates this day as ‘Bijoy Dibos’ to mark the country’s independence from Pakistan.

The triumph of this war had been announced by the then Prime minister of India Indira Gandhi. Then, the whole members of the parliament started celebrating the win.

On this day, people of India commemorate the soldiers who lost their lives in this war. India’s Prime minister, Defence Minister and the Chiefs of Army, Navy and Air Force pay homage to the martyrs at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, Delhi.

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